This common cause of a sudden hoarse or lost voice is most commonly caused by viral infection, and sometimes by bacterial infection.
This can be caused by many things, from acid reflux disease to smoke exposure.
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease
This means juices from the stomach are now going into the throat. This can lead to hoarse voice, throat pain, and trouble swallowing food.
Overusing or even misusing the voice can cause hoarseness. This includes frequently using a loud voice to be heard or simply talking on the phone too much.
Benign Vocal Cord Lesions
These are non-cancerous growths acting like callouses on the vocal chords. These growths are treatable.
Vocal Cord Hemorrhage
Vocal cord blood vessels may burst due to shouting and yelling, causing a vocal cord hemorrhage that should be professionally examined immediately.
Vocal Cord Paralysis and Paresis
Weak or paralyzed vocal cords may be caused by viral infection. Most cases of this go away after a few months, though some require treatment.
Chronic hoarseness may be a sign of throat cancer, which must be examined immediately, as an earlier diagnosis can lead to more effective treatment.
About Dr Wright
Dr. Camysha Wright is board-certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy who spent four years as a Professor of Otolaryngology.
She is a specialist in all matters concerning ears, nose, and throat, with a specialty in extreme allergy treatment. Dr. Wright is has been credentialed as a distinguished Fellow of the American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy and holds privileges with both Plantation General Hospital and Westside Regional Medical Center.